French scientists recommend that certain populations avoid the consumption of dietary supplements containing melatonin
Melatonin, which is often called the “sleep hormone”, is involved in many different functions and processes in our body. But above all, melatonin is responsible for the sleep, wakefulness and metabolism of our body. Melatonin is produced by the pineal gland (epiphysis). Its production is stimulated by darkness and suppressed by light. The maximum concentration of melatonin in human blood is observed between midnight and 5 o'clock in the morning local time (at night).
Melatonin is usually taken to make it easier to fall asleep and to adjust the “internal clock” on long journeys. In Russia, the use of melatonin is permitted only as part of non-prescription drugs. In the USA and in many countries of Europe, melatonin is permitted and is actively used as part of dietary supplements, and not only as part of medicines. Therefore, for the Russian buyer such additives are available in online stores.
However, it should be remembered that the consumption of uncontrolled such products can lead to adverse effects. Thus, according to the results of scientific research and observations on the effects of the consumption of dietary supplements, the French Agency for Food, Environment and Occupational Health and Safety reports adverse effects that may be associated with the consumption of dietary supplements containing melatonin.
The agency emphasizes that certain groups of the population should avoid consuming melatonin in the form of dietary supplements and, if necessary, seek medical help. This mainly concerns the following groups:
- pregnant and lactating women;
- children and teenagers;
- people suffering from inflammatory or autoimmune diseases, epilepsy, asthma;
- people with mood swings;
- people taking a variety of medications on an ongoing basis.
- People who engage in any activity that requires constant vigilance, when drowsiness can create a safety problem, should also avoid the consumption of supplements in melatonin.