Why sleep hormone slows aging — Russian newspaper
The fact that the hormone melatonin slows aging, scientists have known for a long time. In animal experiments, it was shown that with a lack of this substance, they began to age more quickly, their skin became decrepit, and many vital functions suffered. But why? What is the mechanism of action of the hormone? It remained incomprehensible. Biologists from the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics of the Russian Academy of Sciences succeeded in understanding the essence of the phenomenon.
– It turned out that after such an attack, the mitochondria was literally clogged with calcium ions, says Krestinina. “And then it includes a cascade of reactions involving various proteins and enzymes.” As a result, mitochondria appear in the membrane pores through which calcium ions intensively go outside. That is, the “power plant” loses the most important substance for its work. As a result, mitochondria die, and the body grows old. So we figured out how melatonin intake, even in old animals, slows down this process.
Does this mean that we must urgently run to the pharmacy and buy melatonin? On the one hand, its reception in small doses does not have a significant negative impact on the body’s work. Moreover, in foreign countries it is accepted for long-distance flights associated with an abrupt change of time zones. But on the other hand, one must remember that even in micro doses it is the introduction of the own hormonal system into the work. A “game” with hormones is a rather unpredictable action. Therefore, it is best to cope on our own, normalizing sleep and sleep. To do this, there are a few simple rules: go to bed before midnight; stay awake after 12 o’clock in the morning only in dim light; at night close the curtains tightly; when you wake up at night, do not turn on the light, but use a night light; Do not sleep during the day, as the “quiet hour” steals the nights sleep that is useful for rejuvenation.
And further. Melatonin “loves” carbohydrates (pasta, potatoes, bananas). Most of it is in oats, corn, rice, barley, tomatoes.